Risk Factors and Preventive Health Behavior among Hypertensive Clients Attending Master Health Checkup at Selected Hospitals in Different Geographic Areas
Lijiya Lalou*, Sonia L and Venkatasan L
Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai, India
In this 21st century, millions of people are affected with hypertension compared with the past. Aim: The study was aimed to assess the risk factors and preventive health behavior among hypertensive clients.
A cross sectional correlational study was carried out on 300 hypertensive clients attending master health checkup at selected hospitals in Tamil Nadu and Kerala using purposive sampling technique with checklist on risk factors of hypertension, structured interview schedule on knowledge questionnaire of hypertension and hypertension self-care behavior profile (HTN-SCBP) to assess the practice. The inclusion criteria were clients with hypertension with baseline systolic blood pressure equal to or above 120 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 80 mmHg or both, Exclusion criteria were hypertensive clients refused to participate in the study.
There was no history of comorbid illness found in Tamil Nadu 33.33% whereas in Kerala 33.33% had cardiovascular disease and diabetes. In Tamil Nadu 27.33% of clients and 27.33% of clients in Kerala were obese. Occasional intake of salted, fried, oily foods found to be significant risk factors in Tamil Nadu and Kerala respectively. There was a statistically significant association and positive correlation between preventive health behavior and demographic and bio physiological variables. Hypertensive clients in Tamil Nadu (62.67%) had moderately adequate knowledge and in Kerala (53.33%) had adequate knowledge. Clients in Tamil Nadu (91.33%) and Kerala followed good practices (74%) regarding preventive health behavior of hypertension.
The researcher concludes that to find out the risk factors and preventive health behavior among hypertensive clients in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
Risk factors; Preventive health behavior; Hypertensive clients
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